Chapter 5

 

1. World Food Conference (1974), which declared that ‘every man, woman and child has the inalienable right to be free from hunger and malnutrition.’

2. The Uruguay Round for the first time adopted a new concept of food security, based on a worldwide efficiency criteria of production and international trade, as suggested by Amartya Sen. Food security, under this conception, depends heavily on the commitment to pave the way for free international trade, without restrictions to imports and exports as well.

3. Food security is dependent upon agricultural production, food imports and food aid, employment opportunities and income earnings, intra-household decision making and resource allocation, and health and nutrition care utilization ...

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