Chapter 18

Autism

Introduction

This chapter outlines pervasive developmental disorders then autism and Asperger syndrome. It explains the prevalence of autism and its apparent causes before looking at identification and assessment of autism and Asperger’s syndrome. Regarding provision, the chapter considers curriculum and assessment; pedagogy; resources; therapy; organisation; and other aspects.

Pervasive development disorders

Autism and Asperger’s syndrome are classified as pervasive developmental disorders (American Psychiatric Association, 2000, pp. 69–84). These disorders involve severe and pervasive impairment in several areas of development and are associated with significant problems with social skills and understanding, communication ...

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