Many regular television formats pivot around a single performer; as a presenter, host, introducer, commentator, master of ceremonies, anchor, demonstrator, lecturer …
The performer can relate to the audience in various ways:
• Looking straight at the camera, addressing the viewer.
• Doing a job, but looking up periodically to speak to camera.
• Working at something, while ignoring the camera. (There may be commentary over – either the talent’s or prepared script.)
• Speak to someone out of shot (usually near the camera).
• Work to a studio audience, and ignore the cameras.
It is important that the performer knows which approach is appropriate. Sometimes, of course, it will vary during the ...