Redox flow batteries for medium-to large-scale energy storage
M. Skyllas-Kazacos and C. Menictas, University of New South Wales, Australia
T. Lim, Ngee Ann Polytechnic, Singapore
With the increasing integration of renewable energy sources into the electricity grids of many developed and developing countries, the need for energy storage has become a major priority for grid stabilisation. Flow batteries offer high energy efficiencies, very long cycle life and good cost structures for applications requiring more than 2 h of storage capacity. Of the flow battery technologies currently under development, the vanadium redox flow battery that was pioneered at the University of New South Wales (UNSW), Australia, has received ...