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Emerging Technologies and Management of Crop Stress Tolerance by Saiema Rasool, Parvaiz Ahmad

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Chapter 8

Crop Plants under Saline-Adapted Fungal Pathogens

An Overview

Murat Dikilitas and Sema Karakas

Natural soil salinity, or salinity resulting from salt-rich irrigation water, not only poses a threat to crop production, but also it affects the distribution and severity of the soil- and air-borne diseases. Under these circumstances, salinity may interact with the pathogens in the soil or in irrigation water; as a result, salinity may either result in reduction in the effectiveness of fungi through the reduction of sporulation and conidial germination or lead to an increase in the virulence of pathogens through stimulation of enzymatic activities such as cellulase, pectin lyase, and polygalacturonase produced by the microorganisms. In some ...

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