The introduction of the new economic policy in 1991 had a significant bearing on industrial relations. Coupled with liberalization, these policies changed the way industries functioned in India. It forced the government, employers and trade unions to align themselves to new realities. There is an ongoing transition in industrial relations on the global scale as well. The focus is gradually shifting from traditional industrial relations, characterized by conflict resolution, to employee relations management, characterized by collaborative partnerships between the employers and the employees. Employee Relations Management focuses on this ongoing transition from industrial relations to employee relations. It introduces readers to the fundamental concepts and relevant pieces of legislation against the backdrop of globalization and the new economic policy.