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Climate and climate change

D. N. Asimakopoulos

Department of Applied Physics, University of Athens

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It is recognized that the climate is continuously being changed and that this happens in several ways. Even a small variation in the solar radiation would be sufficient to affect the radiation and energy budget of the Earth's surface, owing to the resulting melting or increasing of the ice cover. Changes in the orbit of the Earth or movements of the continents give climate changes with time scales of more than 10,000 years. Eruptions of volcanoes have definite global impact, because of the emission into the atmosphere of a large number of particles ...

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