Engineering and Sustainable Community Development

Book description


This book, Engineering and Sustainable Community Development, presents an overview of engineering as it relates to humanitarian engineering, service learning engineering, or engineering for community development, often called sustainable community development (SCD). The topics covered include a history of engineers and development, the problems of using industry-based practices when designing for communities, how engineers can prepare to work with communities, and listening in community development. It also includes two case studies -- one of engineers developing a windmill for a community in India, and a second of an engineer "mapping communities" in Honduras to empower people to use water effectively -- and student perspectives and experiences on one curricular model dealing with community development.

Table of Contents: Introduction / Engineers and Development: From Empires to Sustainable Development / Why Design for Industry Will Not Work as Design for Community / Engineering with Community / Listening to Community / ESCD Case Study 1: Sika Dhari's Windmill / ESCD Case Study 2: Building Organizations and Mapping Communities in Honduras / Students' Perspectives on ESCD: A Course Model / Beyond Engineers and Community: A Path Forward

Table of contents

  1. Preface
  2. Introduction
    1. Engineers as Problem Solvers
    2. Engineers' Beliefs About Community Development
    3. Engineers, Development, and Community
    4. What Makes this Book Different?
    5. Who is this Book for?
    6. Brief Outline of the Book
  3. References
  4. Engineers and Development: From Empires to Sustainable Development 1
    1. Engineers and the Development of Empires (18th and 19th Centuries)
    2. Engineers and National Development (19th to 20th Centuries)
    3. Engineers and International Development (20th Century) (1/2)
    4. Engineers and International Development (20th Century) (2/2)
    5. Engineers and the Questioning of Technology (the 1970s)
    6. Engineers and the ``Lost Decade of Development'' (the 1980s)
    7. Engineers Move Toward Sustainable Development (1980s-1990s)
    8. Engineers Heed the Call to Sustainable Development (late 1990s-present)
    9. The Explosion of ``Engineering to Help'' (ETH) Activities (2000-Present)
    10. The Emergence of Community in Sustainable Development and ETH Initiatives
    11. Summary
  5. References
  6. Why Design for Industry Will Not Work as Design for Community
    1. Introduction
    2. One Design Project: Description and Reflection (1/2)
    3. One Design Project: Description and Reflection (2/2)
    4. Design Courses and Design Instruction
      1. Syllabus
      2. Objectives
      3. Constraints
      4. Expectations from Students
    5. Course Content
      1. Design Process
      2. Leadership and Teamwork Dynamics
      3. Design Tools and Approaches
    6. The Actual Course
      1. Location
      2. Course Practices
      3. Teamwork
    7. The Written Report
    8. The Final Presentation
    9. Conclusions: What Can You Do?
  7. References
  8. Engineering with Community
    1. What we Mean by ``Community''
      1. How one Engineer Views Community
    2. Challenge #1: Engineering Problem-Solving (EPS)
    3. Challenge #2: Engineering Mindsets
    4. Challenge #3: Community Development Projects
    5. Challenge #4: Engineers' Belief in Development
    6. From Engineering for Development to ESCD
      1. The Importance of Self-Reflection
      2. Learn About the Community
      3. Figure out Ways the Time-Scale of your Project can be Expanded
      4. Make Plans for ``Failure''
      5. Design a Landing Pad
      6. Develop Meaningful Assessments of Yourself and Your Project
    7. Conclusion
  9. References
  10. Listening to Community 1
    1. Listening in Big Development: The El Cajón Dam Case
    2. Listening in Little Development: Brick Making Kilns in Peshawar, Pakistan
    3. Where is Listening in Engineering Education?
    4. What is Contextual Listening?
    5. Dimensions of Contextual Listening (1/2)
    6. Dimensions of Contextual Listening (2/2)
    7. Barriers to Contextual Listening
      1. Engineering Problem Solving
      2. Engineering Design
    8. Benefits of Contextual Listening
      1. Contextual Listening Counters Biases
      2. Contextual Listening Fosters a Community-Centric Approach to Problem Solving
      3. Contextual Listening Integrates Multiple Human and Sectoral Perspectives
    9. Problem, Definition, and Solution
    10. Conclusion
  11. Recommended Reading
  12. References
  13. ESCD Case Study #1: Sika Dhari's Windmill
    1. Case Overview
    2. Case Specifics
      1. Introduction
      2. Background
      3. Phase One: Participatory Planning
      4. Phase Two: Project Implementation
    3. Conclusion
    4. Questions for Reflection
  14. ESCD Case Study #2: Building Organizations and Mapping Communities in Honduras
    1. Introduction
    2. Becoming an Engineer
    3. Discovering Water
    4. Changing an Organization
    5. Doing ``Big'' Development
    6. Moving to Sustainable Community Development
    7. Questions for Reflection
  15. References
  16. Students' Perspectives on ESCD: A Course Model
    1. What Was this Course About?
    2. ``Development Projects Involve History and Politics''
      1. How Did Students Respond to this Challenge?
    3. ``Development Problems are More Than Just Technical Problems''
      1. How Did Students Respond to this Challenge?
    4. ``Engineering Problem Solving and Design Methods Have Strengths and Limitations when Applied to Development Projects''
      1. How Did Students Respond to this Challenge?
    5. ``I Learned How to Measure My Development Project Against SCD Criteria''
      1. How Did Students Respond to this Challenge?
    6. How Students Resist
    7. Transformations
  17. References
  18. Beyond Engineers and Community: A Path Forward
    1. What Might be Missing from this Account of Engineering and Sustainable Community Development?
    2. Recommendations
  19. References
  20. Authors' Biographies
  21. Index

Product information

  • Title: Engineering and Sustainable Community Development
  • Author(s): Juan Lucena, Jen Schneider, Jon A. Leydens
  • Release date: October 2010
  • Publisher(s): Morgan & Claypool Publishers
  • ISBN: 9781608450718