142 Engineering Ethics: An Industrial Perspective
“star” witness in its Bronco II lawsuits. Consequently, Bickerstaff’s fees
increased over 8 years of court cases, eventually amounting to $5 million.
After Ford and Bickerstaff were convicted of engaging in conspiracy to
commit fraud at one of the Bronco II trials in 2001, Bickerstaff fled to his
native England (EWG, 2005b).
Associated Press, Ford Motor Co. will pay state attorneys general $51 million to end claims
that its advertising fails to disclose the rollover. SD UT,A6, December 20, 2002.
Bradsher, K., Risky decision: a special report; study of Ford Explorer’s design reveals a series
of compromises. NY Times,A1, December 7, 2000.
California, California False Advertising Statute, 2005. http://www.arb.ca.gov/bluebook/bb04/
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Environmental Working Group, Ford’s Fraud on the Court: David Bickerstaff. Washington,
DC: EWG, 2005b. http://www.ewg.org/reports/upsidedown/index5.php.
Frontline, Before you buy an SUV, in Rollover: the Hidden History of the SUV, February,
Frontline, Chronology: a regulatory free ride, in Rollover: the Hidden History of the
SUV, February, 2002b. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/rollover/unsafe/
Frontline, Joan Claybrook interview, in Rollover: the Hidden History of the SUV, February,
Frontline, Keith Bradsher interview, in Rollover: the Hidden History of the SUV, February,
Frontline, Martin Goldfarb Interview, in Rollover: the Hidden History of the SUV, February,
Levin, M., Ford stonewalls on evidence, judges say. LA Times, C1, March 28, 2004a.
Levin, M., Jury adds punitive award in Ford case. LA Times, C1, June 4, 2004b.
Kennedy, R. F., Jr., Crimes Against Nature: How George W. Bush and His Corporate Pals are
Plundering the Country and Hijacking Our Democracy. New York: HarperCollins, 2004, 108.
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, CAFE Overview—Frequently Used Questions.
Washington, DC: NHTSA, 2005a. http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/cars/rules/cafe/overview.htm.
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Static Stability Factor Calculation. Washington,
DC: NHTSA, 2005b. http://www.safercar.gov/Rollover/pages/faqs.htm#howisa.
Opinion, Ford Motor Company v. Vicki Ammerman, Case No. 49A05-9608-CV-322, Court of
Appeals of Indiana, Fifth District, 1999. http://www.ewg.org/reports_content/upsidedown/pdf/
Plungis, J., Memos: Ford made Explorer roof weaker—automaker says SUV exceeds federal
safety standards and is a safe vehicle. Detroit News, 1A, March 29, 2005.
Surowiecki, J., In case of emergency, New Yorker, June 13 & 20, 2005, 70.
United States Code (USC), 2005. http://straylight.law.cornell.edu/uscode.
Webster, S. A., Overcoming difficulties is part of Ford legacy—Explorer rollovers, Pinto
explosions are part of journey. Detroit News, 7F, June 9, 2003.
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