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Engineering Mathematics, Volume I, Second Edition by Babu Ram

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13

Vector Calculus

We know that scalar is a quantity that is characterized solely by magnitude whereas vector is a quantity which is characterized by both magnitude and direction. For example, time, mass, and temperature are scalar quantities whereas displacement, velocity, and force are vector quantities. We represent a vector by an arrow over it. Geometrically, we represent a vector images by a directed line segment images, where images has direction from P to ...

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