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Enhancing Quality in Higher Education by George Gordon, Ray Land

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15

Quality Enhancement in Turkish Higher Education

Gülsün Saǧlamer

Overview of the Turkish National Higher Education System

The Turkish educational system at all levels has been restructured many times since the establishment of the Turkish Republic in 1923. Between 1931 and 1933, the first fundamental education reforms aimed at modernizing higher education in Turkey were initiated by Kemal Atatürk. Other important changes occurred in 1946 and in 1973, but the most recent and most radical change in Turkish higher education took place in 1981, after the present constitution was accepted.

The educational system in Turkey is designed for pre-school, primary, secondary and higher education levels, all of which are free at state schools and state ...

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