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Enterprise Application Integration With XML and Java™ by Bill la Forge, JP Morgenthal

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1.2. XML Basics

The Extensible Markup Language (XML) has received a lot of attention since the W3C officially blessed it in early 1998. If you ask knowledgeable people involved with the XML community about its popularity, you will get a diverse set of opinions concerning XML's quick climb to success. For example, one response would be that XML isn't really a new technology, just a new name for a subset of a proven technology called "SGML" (Standard Generalized Markup Language). The XML subset is optimized for the unmanaged heterogeneous networked environment of the Web.

The answer we like best, however, is that it is simple! HTML (Hypertext Markup Language)—another derivative of SGML—was extremely successful as the presentation language for the ...

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