The amino acids and proteins comprise cells that are each specialized to carry out different functions in any living organism. The “roadmap” that determines what a particular cell does in this scheme is encoded in each cell’s deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). Here is the chemistry behind that:

·         Nucleic Acid – “Either of two complex organic molecules (DNA and RNA), consisting of many nucleotides linked in a long chain, and present in all living cells.”[65] “The molecule consists of linked units called nucleotides, each containing a 5 carbon sugar (ribose for RNA, deoxyribose for DNA), a purine or pyrimidine base (adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine, or uracil), and phosphoric acid.”[66]

·         Deoxyribonucleic Acid ...

Get Enterprise Model Patterns: Describing the World (UML Version) now with O’Reilly online learning.

O’Reilly members experience live online training, plus books, videos, and digital content from 200+ publishers.