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Environmental Assessment and Management in the Food Industry by F Ziegler, J Berlin, U Sonesson

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3

Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of food production and processing: An introduction

S.J. McLaren,     Massey University, New Zealand

Abstract:

This chapter provides an introduction to life-cycle thinking, Life Cycle Assessment and Life Cycle Management. It gives a brief history of LCA development, describes LCA methodology, and discusses specific issues that arise in assessment of food systems. These include assessment of land occupation, soil quality, carbon storage, crop rotations, variability in agricultural practices and yields, consumer behaviour, sewage treatment, definition of the functional unit, and co-product allocation.

Key words

Life Cycle Assessment

food systems

Life Cycle Management

environmental impact

3.1 Introduction

In ...

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