Challenges in assessing the environmental impacts of crop production and horticulture
T. Nemecek and G. Gaillard, Agroscope Reckenholz‐Tänikon Research Station ART, Switzerland
LCA has been applied to assess the environmental impacts of crop production and horticulture for over 15 years. This chapter discusses the main challenges of this procedure. It gives guidance on how to consider the multifunctionality of agricultural production and how to draw the boundaries of the production system. The complexity and variability of the production systems and the environmental mechanisms underlying the environmental impacts give rise to a number of challenges that have to be met. From this analysis, recommendations are deducted for ...