^{1} For a good overview of the most common issues, see Jonathan B. Berk, “Sorting out Sorts,” Journal of Finance 55, no. 1 (2000): 407–427 and references therein.
^{2} See Richard C. Grinold and Ronald N. Kahn, Active Portfolio Management: A Quantitative Approach for Providing Superior Returns and Controlling Risk (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1999), the authors discuss the differences between the t-statistic and the information ratio. Both measures are closely related in their calculation. The t-statistic is the ratio of mean return of a strategy to its standard error. Grinold and Kahn state the related calculations should not obscure the distinction between the two ratios. The t-statistic measures the statistical significance of returns while the IR measures the risk-reward trade-off and the value added by an investment strategy.
^{3} Andrew J. Patton and Allan Timmermann, “Monotonicity in Asset Returns: New Tests with Applications ...
No credit card required