1Task of Imaging and Role of Image Sensors

Various kinds of instruments such as digital still cameras (DSCs), camera phones, and camcorders allow us to enjoy personal images. Moreover, broadcasting cameras, which provide high-definition images, are indispensable to the television industry. Not only are there cameras for personal enjoyment, but there are also cameras for other applications such as for automobiles and security systems, and endoscopes for medical use. Cameras are not only used for visible light, but they are also used for thermography, which visualizes thermal distribution by infrared imaging; there are also cameras for ultraviolet and x-ray imaging. In addition, there are cameras that capture very-high-speed phenomena and cameras ...

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