Equality and Nondiscrimination

At the heart of European employment laws lie the concepts of Equality and Nondiscrimination. Article 13 of the Treaty of Amsterdam prohibits discrimination on the grounds of race, gender, pregnancy, sexual orientation, religion, disability, or age. Two further directives establish the Employment Equality Framework, which requires states to transpose measures into national law in order to ensure protection from discrimination in employment. Article 21 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights contains a general prohibition on discrimination as does Article 14 of the European Convention on Human Rights.

In this chapter we are going to examine some of the key issues in relation to equality and nondiscrimination. ...

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