Chapter 25


Abhishek Shivakumar,    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden


Previous chapters in this section addressed the need for a reliable, flexible, and secure energy system. Solutions to affordably achieve a transition to a low-carbon energy system that fulfills these criteria were proposed. These solutions included a combination of technological and regulatory actions. Further, this section briefly touched upon socioeconomic costs of electricity supply interruptions. In this chapter, the main conclusions are provided, building on the findings from the previous chapters.


Power system flexibility; energy storage; penetration of variable renewables; reliability; security of electricity supply

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