Audits of quality assurance systems of higher education institutions in Finland
Timo Ala-Vähälä and Taina Saarinen
Systematic assessment policy in Finnish higher education began to take shape during the first years of the 1990s, after related developments in the preceding decades. Several separate but overlapping developments began to appear that can be broadly described as assessment-linked policy. Increasing demands for accountability in the 1980s were followed by demands for assessment in the 1990s. Assessment was written into the education legislation in the mid-1990s. Further institutionalization of higher education evaluation came with the establishment of the Finnish Higher Education Evaluation Council in 1995. Following ...