Snowstorms and blizzards are some of the wildest weather events on the planet. Snow can pile several feet (meters) high, winds can rage like in a hurricane, and it can be impossible to see anything outside.

Winter is a season experienced near the poles and at the mid-latitudes. In the tropics, where it’s warm year-round, winter isn’t very noticeable. The weather changes slightly, but it doesn’t get very cold. Snow also doesn’t happen, except in the mountains.

At the mid-latitudes, however, winter can be harsh. Temperatures plummet, a cold wind blows, and most of the leaves fall off the trees and die. The days become shorter and the nights darker.

In this chapter, we’ll learn why winter happens. We’ll discuss ...

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