The animal on the cover of Facebook Cookbook is a slow loris (Nycticebus coucang). The loris likely gets its name from the Dutch word lores, which means sluggish. Also known as the bashful monkey, the slow loris is about 10 to 15 inches long and weighs 3 to 5 pounds. It has a round head, small ears covered by fur, and a tail so short it’s almost invisible. The loris has large, circular eyes that are fixed in place—like an owl, it must rotate its head to change points of view. Slow lorises vary in color from gray to white, depending on location, and they have dark rings around their eyes and a dark stripe running along their backs. They live in tropical evergreen rain forests across southeast Asia.
Lorises are nocturnal and arboreal, sleeping by day in tree hollows or branches and becoming active at sunset. Unlike most primates, lorises do not leap through trees. They move slowly and deliberately, using their strong opposable thumbs to grab hold of branches, although they can move quickly if alarmed. Slow lorises are excellent climbers and are able to hang from branches for long periods of time, as specialized blood vessels allow them to grip on for hours.
The slow loris is one of only a few poisonous primates. A special tissue in its inner elbows secretes a toxin. When the loris feels threatened, it folds its arms around its head, allowing it to take the toxin into its mouth. The loris then delivers the toxin via biting. It may also make a buzzing or hissing sound when