Chapter 3: Distribution

A world map, tracing the shipping routes of any garment and its components through sourcing and production, reveals an astonishing mass of intersecting transportation lines, each generating a calculable number of carbon emissions. These can be offset by various means, including switching from air and truck to rail and sea transportation as the preferred mode of transport; converting vehicles to biofuel, gas power or electric power; and carbon offset programmes. But studies suggest that transport accounts for only 1 per cent of carbon in the life cycle of a product.83 Though this revelation might seem to redirect design efforts on sustainability to other areas of greater impact, further scrutiny shows that distribution ...

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