Most of us have seen pictures of the inside of modern factories. Hordes of giant metal robots twisting and tilting are not a surprise. What might be surprising is how smart they are getting. Like most things, robots have been fast-forwarded with better sensors, vision, network capability, data analytics, and very often artificial intelligence.

In this chapter I will chronicle the rapid advancement of robotics from bipedal search and rescue units to cutting-edge biomechanical prosthetics. I will provide insight to where the industry is headed. And I will explore three little known firms with bright prospects that have become niche leaders.

It Starts with Software

It seems like once a week the Guardian ...

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