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Fedora® Linux® TOOLBOX: 1000+ Commands for Fedora, CentOS, and Red Hat® Power Users by Christopher Negus, François Caen

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Chapter 8. Backups and Removable Media

IN THIS CHAPTER

  • Creating backup archives with tar

  • Compressing backups with gzip, bzip2, and lzop

  • Backing up over the network with SSH

  • Doing network backups with rsync

  • Making backup ISO images with mkisofs

  • Burning backup images to CD or DVD with cdrecord and growisofs

Data backups in Linux were traditionally done by running commands to archive and compress the files to back up, then writing that backup archive to tape. Choices for archive tools, compression techniques, and backup media have grown tremendously in recent years. Tape archiving has, for many, been replaced with techniques for backing up data over the network, to other hard disks, or to CDs, DVDs, or other low-cost removable media.

This chapter details some useful tools for backing up and restoring your critical data. The first part of the chapter details how to use basic tools such as tar, gzip, and rsync for backups.

Backing Up Data to Compressed Archives

If you are coming from a Windows background, you may be used to tools such as WinZip and PKZIP, which both archive and compress groups of files in one application. Linux offers separate tools for gathering groups of files into a single archive (such as tar) and compressing that archive for efficient storage (gzip, bzip2, and lzop). However, you can also do the two steps together by using additional options to the tar command.

Creating Backup Archives with tar

The tar command, which stands for tape archiver, dates back to early Unix systems. ...

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