Step 7

Find Out How Consistent Scores Tend to Be

You will find information for this step in the technical material for the instrument. First, look for a section on reliability or, more specifically, sections on internal consistency, interrater reliability, and test-retest reliability.

Basically, reliability is consistency. There are three aspects of reliability covered here:

  • homogeneity within scales
  • agreement within rater groups
  • stability over time

Without evidence of reliability, you do not know whether the items and scales of an instrument are good enough to hold up even under stable conditions with similar raters. In other words, you do not know whether items that are grouped together in a scale are measuring the same competency (homogeneity ...

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