This book could not have been written without feedback from the hundreds of students who attended my directing workshops at Columbia University. Their probing questions and impassioned work forced me to constantly clarify my teaching to better serve them, and I thank them one and all. I am also immensely grateful to my colleagues for their support, especially Bette Gordon and Tom Kalin, and for any of their wisdom that I may have purloined without attribution.

I owe sincere gratitude to the director James Goldstone for his valuable professional suggestions, and to Andy Pawelczak, Branislav Bala, and my son Ted Proferes for their astute editorial contributions; to Sonny Quinn for the The Piece of Apple Pie storyboards, Greg Bunch ...

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