GM: Before we discuss specific clinical evidence, let’s talk about the fact that people are understandably confused by studies. You hear on the news that vitamin E is good for the heart and then you hear that vitamin E isn’t good for the heart. Or you hear that fish oil lowers cholesterol and heart attacks and then you hear that it doesn’t. Why do we get contradictory results? Can we believe any of these studies?

PP: The first thing that I tell everybody when I’m giving public lectures, or when they join The Wellness Forum, is that you should always look at every study with some skepticism. No study by itself is really important; it’s a study taken into consideration with the preponderance ...

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