It is important always to remember that we do business for the sake of making
money. In a capitalist economic system, the rules of business are supposed to be
kept to a minimum. e essence of capitalism is that competition shall ultimately
provide the biggest benefit to all. All that restrains totally free competition are legisla-
tive attempts to make the competition as fair and equal as possible. e First World
accepts capitalism in some or other guise as the best way to do business. e essence
of capitalism is that all people are free to exchange, or barter, their goods to the best
of their abilities. Presumably, this provides the maximum benefit for all to accrue
wealth according to their abilities. In this paradigm the consumer has needs that
must be met and the producer that matches these needs will have the most sales.
Consumer requirements frequently change and manufacturing has to respond to
these changes.
is book deals primarily with the ancillary equipment used in processing
industries. Many books are dedicated to describing the equipment used in specific
industries or general plants used in related industries, but many authors totally
disregard the importance of ancillary equipment such as motors, pumps, pipes,
boilers, valves, and controllers that allow the plant to operate. is book tries to fill
the need for text dealing not only with the bits and pieces that keep systems run-
ning, but also with how the peripheral pieces of a processing plant fit within the
bigger picture.
A production line needs to be assembled to manufacture a product or range
of products. Such a line will include many subsystems that must merge into an
integrated system. All parts of the system are important, and the obvious parts
receive much attention. Some parts, such as the peripherals or services including
pumps, boilers, power transmission, water treatment, waste disposal, efficient light-
ing, and many others, may be completely forgotten. ese parts of the operation
are as important as the actual processing machines; without them, the system will
collapse. Any plant must conform to the system
Defined by Webster’s dictionary as “a regularly interacting or interdependent group of items
forming a unified whole.

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