Member States requested the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) to provide opinions relating to the food ingredient creatine and a range of health claims. The EFSA Panel provided a positive opinion on creatine and exercise performance, stating it was effective for ‘increasing physical performance during short-term, high intensity, repeated exercise bouts’. However, some data relating to creatine’s effects on strength and muscle mass were not addressed in this assessment. Hence the only authorised EU health claim for creatine is: ‘Creatine increases physical performance in successive bursts of short-term, high intensity exercise’.
Article 13; creatine; ...