K.K. Tiihonen, DuPont Nutrition and Health, Finland
K. Riihinen, M. Lyyra and E. Sarkkinen, Oy Foodfiles Ltd, Finland
S.A.S. Craig, DuPont Nutrition and Health, USA
P. Tenning, DuPont Nutrition and Health, Denmark
This chapter characterises betaine and its authorised health claim in respect to dietary sources, scientific substantiation, benefits for consumers, interaction with the EU legislation and safety. The European Commission has authorised a health claim for betaine on the contribution to normal homocysteine metabolism. Betaine is obtained from natural dietary sources and is also allowed in food supplements in the EU, and this is examined from the view of condition of use, e.g. ...