6

Polymeric pipes and fittings

6.1 Introduction

The pipes that transport fluids between reservoirs are not dissimilar in the problems they present when failure occurs. Fluid leaks can cause substantial damage to property, and are often more insidious than the sudden flood that comes when a container fractures. They can thus go unnoticed until the leak triggers an accident or a fire, for example. Like containers, polymers have been widely adopted in many product applications, especially in the distribution of utilities like water and gas, the disposal of waste water and sewage, and in communications (such as carrying fibre-optic lines). They are much lighter to manhandle and are usually tough enough to withstand rough treatment during installation ...

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