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# 17Transmission Lines

## 17.1 Transient Analysis

In the previous chapter we reviewed static electric fields due to stationary charge distributions, and static magnetic fields, due to the charges moving at constant speed, i.e. dc currents.

A transmission line can be modeled as a distributed parameter circuit consisting a series of small segments of length Δz, as shown in Figure 17.1

The distributed parameters describing the transmission line are:

• r – resistance per‐unit‐length (Ω/m)
• l – inductance per‐unit‐length (H/m)
• g – conductance per‐unit‐length (S/m)
• c – capacitance per‐unit‐length (F/m)

The transmission line model in Figure 17.1 describes a lossy transmission line. To gain an insight into transmission line theory it is very helpful to consider a lossless transmission line first. Such a transmission line is shown in Figure 17.2.

To obtain the transmission line equations let’s consider a single segment of a lossless transmission line shown in Figure 17.3.

Writing Kirchhoff’s voltage law around the outside loop results in

(17.1)

or

(17.2) ...

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