© The Author(s), under exclusive license to APress Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2023
F. StrazzulloFrameworkless Front-End Developmenthttps://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4842-9351-5_2

2. Brief History of Front-end Frameworks

Francesco Strazzullo1  
TREVISO, Treviso, Italy

Misunderstanding of the present is the inevitable consequence of ignorance of the past.

—Marc Bloch

This chapter is a very brief history of front-end frameworks. It’s not meant to be comprehensive, but it’s an opinionated view of the most important milestones in the front-end ecosystem. I divided this chapter into “ages” that contain one or more frameworks. For each age, I explain the ideas that the frameworks of that age introduced to the front-end ecosystem and which ideas ...

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