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Fuel Flexible Energy Generation

Book Description

Fuel Flexible Energy Generation: Solid, Liquid and Gaseous Fuels provides updated information on flexible fuel energy generation, the process by which one or more fuels can be combusted in the same boiler or turbine to generate power. By adapting or building boilers and turbines to accept multiple fuel sources, they can be co-fired with biomass and waste derived fuels, allowing a reduction in carbon output, thus providing cleaner energy.

Fuel flexibility is becoming more important in a world of diminishing fossil fuel stocks. Many countries are investing in the development of more efficient fuel flexible boilers and turbines, and their use is becoming more prevalent in industry as well.

This book provides comprehensive coverage of flexible fuel energy generation across all potential fuel types, and was written by a selection of experts in the field who discuss the types of fuels which can be used in fuel flexible energy generation, from solid fuels to biomass fuels, the preparation of fuels to be used in fuel flexible operations, that includes their handling and transport, and combustion and conversion technologies with chapters ranging from large-scale coal gasification to technology options and plant design issues.

  • Focuses on fuel flexibility across all potential fuel types
  • Includes thorough treatment of the technology being developed to allow for fuel flexibility
  • Written by leading experts in the field
  • Provides an essential text for R&D managers in firms which produce boilers or turbines, those who work in the fuel industry, and academics working in engineering departments on energy generation

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Related titles
  5. Copyright
  6. List of contributors
  7. Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy
  8. Part One. Introduction and fuel types
    1. 1. Introduction to fuel flexible energy
      1. 1.1. Introduction
      2. 1.2. Conventional energy sources
      3. 1.3. Unconventional energy sources
      4. 1.4. Fischer–Tropsch process
      5. 1.5. Electrical energy
      6. 1.6. Fuel flexibility
      7. 1.7. Conclusions
    2. 2. Solid fuel types for energy generation: Coal and fossil carbon-derivative solid fuels
      1. 2.1. Introduction
      2. 2.2. Fossil fuel feedstocks
      3. 2.3. Fuels derived from coal
      4. 2.4. Coal supply chain main characteristics
      5. 2.5. Future trends
      6. 2.6. Summary
      7. Sources of further information
    3. 3. Biomass and agricultural residues for energy generation
      1. 3.1. Introduction
      2. 3.2. Biomass resources and supply chains
      3. 3.3. Biomass properties and measurement of properties
      4. 3.4. Future trends
      5. Symbols and abbreviations
      6. Terminology
  9. Part Two. Fuel preparation, handling and transport
    1. 4. Biomass fuel transport and handling
      1. 4.1. Introduction
      2. 4.2. The challenges of biomass handling
      3. 4.3. Sources and types of biomass, and classifications according to handling properties
      4. 4.4. Other considerations for compatibility of different fuels with a handling system
      5. 4.5. Conclusions
    2. 5. Fuel pre-processing, pre-treatment and storage for co-firing of biomass and coal
      1. 5.1. Handling and storage of biomass at coal-fired power plants
      2. 5.2. Biomass pre-treatment technologies
      3. 5.3. Industrial-scale experience with pre-treated biomass
      4. 5.4. Biological degradation
      5. 5.5. Pneumatic conveying
      6. 5.6. Mechanical durability and storage
      7. 5.7. Explosivity
      8. 5.8. Conclusions and future trends
      9. Nomenclature
    3. 6. Production of syngas, synfuel, bio-oils, and biogas from coal, biomass, and opportunity fuels
      1. 6.1. Introduction
      2. 6.2. Gasification
      3. 6.3. Biogas
      4. 6.4. Other methods for producing synthesis gas
      5. 6.5. Syngas conversion to products
      6. 6.6. Current status and future trends
  10. Part Three. Combustion and conversion technologies
    1. 7. Technology options for large-scale solid-fuel combustion
      1. 7.1. Introduction
      2. 7.2. Combustion technologies for solid fuels
      3. 7.3. Summary
    2. 8. Plant integrity in solid fuel-flexible power generation
      1. 8.1. Introduction
      2. 8.2. Potential solid fuels
      3. 8.3. Power plant types, component operating environments and fuel options
      4. 8.4. Degradation mechanisms and modelling
      5. 8.5. Flexible fuel use
      6. 8.6. Quantification of damage and protective measures
      7. 8.7. Future trends
      8. Sources of further information
    3. 9. Fuel flexible gas production: Biomass, coal and bio-solid wastes
      1. 9.1. Introduction
      2. 9.2. Characteristics of biomass, coal and bio-solid wastes
      3. 9.3. Co-gasification of biomass and coal, and co-gasification of biomass and bio-solid wastes
      4. 9.4. Co-pyrolysis of blended solid fuels
      5. 9.5. Concluding remarks
    4. 10. Technology options and plant design issues for fuel-flexible gas turbines
      1. 10.1. Introduction
      2. 10.2. Gas turbines in plants
      3. 10.3. Fuel-flexible gas turbines
      4. 10.4. Gaseous fuels for gas turbine operation
      5. 10.5. Gas turbine combustion-related challenges for gaseous fuel flexibility
      6. 10.6. Other fuel flexibility impacts on the gas turbine
      7. 10.7. Fuel-flexible gas turbine installation
      8. 10.8. Gas turbine with external heating integrated in plants
      9. 10.9. CO2 capture in gas-turbine integrated plants
      10. 10.10. Other integrated cycles
    5. 11. Fuel flexibility with dual-fuel engines
      1. 11.1. Introduction
      2. 11.2. The four-stroke spark-ignited gas engine
      3. 11.3. The diesel engine
      4. 11.4. Fuel specifications
      5. 11.5. Systems for creating fuel flexibility
      6. 11.6. Plant performance
      7. 11.7. Conclusions
  11. Index