Algebraic structures and category theory

Until now we have avoided talking too much about mathematics. This section will try to do so in a light way as most functional concepts have roots in mathematics and a lot of abstractions we already discussed are ideas taken from the field of category theory. The content in this section will probably help you to gain a better understanding of the content of this book, but there is no need to understand them perfectly to use functional programming.

Throughout this section, mathematical terms will be defined when encountered. It is not that important that you get all the nuances, it is just to give you a broad idea of what we are talking about.

The root of functional programming is the lambda calculus, or ...

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