G. Sun, University of California, Davis, USA
This chapter discusses antimicrobial textiles for medical applications with focuses on proper antimicrobial performance, application requirements and expected benefits of the functional medical textiles. Several major antimicrobial agents and technologies for medical textiles, including quaternary ammonium salts, silver and other metals and halamine compounds, are discussed. Photo-sensitive antimicrobial agents, such as titanium dioxide and dyes, are outlined as new antimicrobial technologies. The trends of future development in this area are addressed based on different applications in medical textiles.