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Fundamentals of Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics by Themis Matsoukas

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Chapter 2. Phase Diagrams of Pure Fluids

The strength of molecular interactions is determined by the mean intermolecular distance and the property that most directly reflects this distance is molar density, or its reciprocal, molar volume. The approximate relationship between molar volume and mean intermolecular distance is given by (see Example 1.1),

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where NA is Avogadro’s number. The packing density of molecules in given volume reflects the strength of the potential interaction. In gases (large V), distances are large and interactions weak. In liquids, the opposite is true. The volume that is occupied by a fixed number of molecules depends both ...

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