Chapter 1



There has been a considerable increase in global electricity consumption over the last few decades, yet with vast differences between countries and regions. In addition, the global energy mix has changed significantly over time—the world still relies on coal for over 40% of its electricity generation, but the amount of electricity that is generated from renewable sources has risen rapidly over the last decade. In this chapter, we introduce the global energy mix and demonstrate how electricity consumption per capita is linked to quality of life. We discuss the pressures of climate change, and dwindling fossil fuel reserves, and how these two issues are driving the transition towards low carbon renewable sources ...

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