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Fundamentals of Renewable Energy Processes, 3rd Edition by Aldo V. da Rosa

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Chapter 15

Wind Energy

15.1 History

The use of wind energy dates back to ancient times when it was employed to propel sailboats. Extensive application of wind turbines seems to have originated in Persia where it was used for grinding wheat. The Arab conquest spread this technology throughout the Islamic world and China. In Europe, wind turbines made their appearance in the eleventh century, and, two centuries later became an important tool, especially in Holland.

The development of the American West was aided by wind-driven water pumps, cereal grinders, and sawmills. These wind machines drove their mechanical loads directly. Modern turbines generate electric energy.

The first significant wind turbine designed specifically for the generation of electricity ...

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