Chapter 28

Answers for Practice Test 2, Social Studies

This chapter has the answers and explanations for the Social Studies practice test in Chapter 27. We provide detailed answer explanations to help you review areas where you may need to do more work. Reading the explanations, even for the questions you got right, will help you understand about how these question-and-answer items are set up. If you’re short on time and just want to check your answers, you can skip directly to the abbreviated answer key at the end of the chapter.

Answers and Explanations

  1. B. Native American. In the 1960s, after much debate, Native American was chosen as the name for the indigenous peoples. Other terms, such as Indian, Amerindian, and indigenous peoples, were discarded.
  2. B. He thought he’d reached the Indies. Columbus thought he had reached the Indies when he landed in North America, so he called the natives “Indians.” The other answers — the natives’ being in the Western Hemisphere, the fact that the Americas hadn’t been discovered yet, or the natives’ being the hemisphere’s first inhabitants — just don’t make sense as reasons.
  3. D. anthropologists. Historians, activists, or Columbus may also have used the term, but according to the passage, anthropologists is the correct answer.
  4. A. after an Italian explorer. According to the passage, America was named after Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci rather than Christopher Columbus, who discovered the lands.
  5. B. He thought Japan was much closer. Columbus ...

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