Mor g a n C l aypool Pu b l i s h e r s
&
SYNTHESIS LECTURES ON
HUMAN-CENTERED INFORMATICS
w w w . m o r g a n c l a y p o o l . c o m
Series Editor: John M. Carroll, Penn State University
Morga n &C l a ypool
C
M
&
Mor g a n C l ay p o ol Pu b l i shers
&
About SYNTHESIs
This volume is a printed version of a work that appears in the Synthesis
Digital Library of Engineering and Computer Science. Synthesis Lectures
provide concise, original presentations of important research and development
topics, published quickly, in digital and print formats. For more information
visit www.morganclaypool.com
SYNTHESIS LECTURES ON
HUMAN-CENTERED INFORMATICS
GEOGRAPHICAL DESIGN
Geographical Design
Spatial Cognition and
Geographical Information Science
John M. Carroll, Series Editor
ISBN: 978-1-60845-595-9
9 781608 455959
90000
Series ISSN: 1946-7680
Geographical Design
Spatial Cognition and Geographical Information Science
Stephen C. Hirtle , University of Pittsburg
With GIS technologies ranging from Google Maps and Google Earth to the use of smart phones and in-
car navigation systems, spatial knowledge is often acquired and communicated through geographic information
technologies. This monograph describes the interplay between spatial cognition research and use of spatial
interfaces. It begins by reviewing what is known about how humans process spatial concepts and then moves
on to discuss how interfaces can be improved to take advantage to those capabilities. Special attention is given
to a variety of innovative geographical platforms that provide users with an intuitive understanding and support
the further acquisition of spatial knowledge. The monograph concludes with a discussion of the number of
outstanding issues, including the changing nature of maps as the primary spatial interface, concerns about
privacy for spatial information, and a look at the future of user-centered spatial information systems.
Stephen C. Hirtle
HIRTLE
h
Mor g a n C l ayp o ol P ublishers
&
SYNTHESIS LECTURES ON
HUMAN-CENTERED INFORMATICS
w w w . m o r g a n c l a y p o o l . c o m
Series Editor: John M. Carroll, Penn State University
Morga n &C l a ypool
C
M
&
Mor g a n C l ay p o ol Pu b l i shers
&
About SYNTHESIs
This volume is a printed version of a work that appears in the Synthesis
Digital Library of Engineering and Computer Science. Synthesis Lectures
provide concise, original presentations of important research and development
topics, published quickly, in digital and print formats. For more information
visit www.morganclaypool.com
SYNTHESIS LECTURES ON
HUMAN-CENTERED INFORMATICS
GEOGRAPHICAL DESIGN
Geographical Design
Spatial Cognition and
Geographical Information Science
John M. Carroll, Series Editor
ISBN: 978-1-60845-595-9
9 781608 455959
90000
Series ISSN: 1946-7680
Geographical Design
Spatial Cognition and Geographical Information Science
Stephen C. Hirtle , University of Pittsburg
With GIS technologies ranging from Google Maps and Google Earth to the use of smart phones and in-
car navigation systems, spatial knowledge is often acquired and communicated through geographic information
technologies. This monograph describes the interplay between spatial cognition research and use of spatial
interfaces. It begins by reviewing what is known about how humans process spatial concepts and then moves
on to discuss how interfaces can be improved to take advantage to those capabilities. Special attention is given
to a variety of innovative geographical platforms that provide users with an intuitive understanding and support
the further acquisition of spatial knowledge. The monograph concludes with a discussion of the number of
outstanding issues, including the changing nature of maps as the primary spatial interface, concerns about
privacy for spatial information, and a look at the future of user-centered spatial information systems.
Stephen C. Hirtle
HIRTLE
h
Mor g a n C l ayp o ol P ublishers
&
SYNTHESIS LECTURES ON
HUMAN-CENTERED INFORMATICS
w w w . m o r g a n c l a y p o o l . c o m
Series Editor: John M. Carroll, Penn State University
Morga n &C l a ypool
C
M
&
Mor g a n C l ay p o ol Pu b l i shers
&
About SYNTHESIs
This volume is a printed version of a work that appears in the Synthesis
Digital Library of Engineering and Computer Science. Synthesis Lectures
provide concise, original presentations of important research and development
topics, published quickly, in digital and print formats. For more information
visit www.morganclaypool.com
SYNTHESIS LECTURES ON
HUMAN-CENTERED INFORMATICS
GEOGRAPHICAL DESIGN
Geographical Design
Spatial Cognition and
Geographical Information Science
John M. Carroll, Series Editor
ISBN: 978-1-60845-595-9
9 781608 455959
90000
Series ISSN: 1946-7680
Geographical Design
Spatial Cognition and Geographical Information Science
Stephen C. Hirtle, University of Pittsburg
With GIS technologies ranging from Google Maps and Google Earth to the use of smart phones and in-
car navigation systems, spatial knowledge is often acquired and communicated through geographic information
technologies. This monograph describes the interplay between spatial cognition research and use of spatial
interfaces. It begins by reviewing what is known about how humans process spatial concepts and then moves
on to discuss how interfaces can be improved to take advantage to those capabilities. Special attention is given
to a variety of innovative geographical platforms that provide users with an intuitive understanding and support
the further acquisition of spatial knowledge. The monograph concludes with a discussion of the number of
outstanding issues, including the changing nature of maps as the primary spatial interface, concerns about
privacy for spatial information, and a look at the future of user-centered spatial information systems.
Stephen C. Hirtle
HIRTLE
h

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