1 A broader disciplinary discussion and attempt to categorize the various cultural “turns” can be found in Doris Bachmann-Medick’s book Cultural Turns: Neuorientierungen in den Kulturwissenschaften [Cultural turns: new orientations in cultural studies] (Reinbeck bei Hamburg, 2006). For a more recent perspective on the spatial turn debate in German literary studies, see Katrin Winkler, Kim Seifert, and Heinrich Detering’s essay “Die Literaturwissenschaften im Spatial Turn” [Literary studies in the Spatial Turn], Journal of Literary Theory 6.1 (2012): 253–270.

2 The terms Afro-Österreicher, Afro-Swiss, and Afro-Europäer are also used. See http://www.bpb.de/gesellschaft/migrationmigration/afrikanische-diaspora/59383/zuwanderung-1884-1945 ...

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