Chapter 12. Conditions: choosing code to run

This chapter covers

  • Comparing values with comparison operators
  • Checking conditions that are true or false
  • The if statement—running code only if a condition is met
  • The else clause—running code when a condition is not met
  • Making sure user input won’t break your code
  • Generating random numbers with Math.random()

So far, all of your code follows a single path. When you call a function, every statement in the function body is executed. You’ve managed to get a lot done and covered quite a few core ideas in JavaScript but your programs have lacked flexibility; they haven’t been able to decide whether or not to execute blocks of code.

In this chapter you learn how to run code only when specified ...

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