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Global Public Health Policies by KV Ramani

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CHAPTER 4

Urban Health

4.1 An Introduction

Urbanization is an important demographic shift worldwide, marking a nation’s march from an agriculture-based economy to an industrialized and service-based economy. According to the World Health Organization (WHO),1 the urban population in 2014 accounted for 54% of the total global population, and is estimated to be around 70% by 2050. Much of the urban growth is expected to take place in developing countries, particularly in Asia and Africa. By 2050, India is projected to add 404 million urban dwellers, China 292 million, and Nigeria 212 million.2 The Government of India identified urban health as a priority area under the Tenth Five Year Plan (2002–2007),3 and sent circulars to the 10 largest cities ...

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