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Global Public Health Policies by KV Ramani

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CHAPTER 5

Maternal Health

5.1 An Introduction

The millennium development goals (MDGs) focused the efforts of the world community on achieving significant, measurable improvements in people’s lives.1 MDG targets were set for the year 2015 with respect to the base year 1990 in consultation with all the member countries of the United Nations, held in the Millennium Development Conference, September 2000. The conference adopted eight MDG goals; MDG 5 was on maternal health.

The millennium development goal MDG 5 on maternal health called for reducing maternal mortality ratio (MMR) by 75% between 1990 and 2015. MMR, defined as the number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births, is a commonly used indicator of maternal health. In the year 1990, the ...

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