CHAPTER 6

Child Health

6.1 An Introduction

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) focused the efforts of the world community on achieving significant, measurable improvements in people’s lives.1 MDG targets were set for the year 2015 with respect to the base year 1990 in consultation with all the member countries of the United Nations, held in the Millennium Development Conference, September 2000. The conference adopted eight MDG goals; MDG 4 was on child health.

The Millennium Development Goal MDG 4 called for reducing U5 Mortality Rate (U5: Children less than 5 years old) by a two-third between 1990 and 2015. U5MR is defined as the number of U5 deaths per 1,000 live births, and is a good indicator of child development. Even though U5 mortality ...

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