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Google Apps: Mastering Integration and Customization by Pascal Cadet, Manuel Alves, Médéric Morel, Pirmin Lemberger

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The SAML standard

The SAML concepts

SAML 2.0 is a norm for federated identity, defined by the OASIS consortium.

The functional context where SAML comes in, involves at least two entities (humans or systems) which exchange authentication and authorization data. The first one is named the "asserting party"; this is the entity that makes a claim about something being true. The second one is named the "relying party"; this is the entity that uses the assertion being made. The entity about which an assertion is being made is named the subject (or the principal).

To help anchor these ideas, keep in mind the following basic situation: the "relying party" is a service whose access is protected and which uses the information delivered by an authentication ...

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