access token Contains the security credentials used to identify the user for a given login session. An access token in Windows is a way for the operating system to track which security authorizations a user has for a given login session.

application programming interface (API)

A set of standards and software instructions that provides a structured way of programmatically interfacing with an application.

array A group of elements of the same data type (e.g., integer or string).

beachhead A term borrowed from the military to mean a defended position taken from the opposition from which further attacks can be launched.

brute-force attack A brute-force attack is an aggressive and repetitive action that relies on trial and error to accomplish ...

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