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Grammar of the Shot, 2nd Edition by Christopher J. Bowen, Roy Thompson

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Shooting the Pan and the Tilt

There is a preferred method to accomplishing a good pan or a good tilt shot. When you first start out operating a camera on pans and tilts they should have three components: the start frame, the camera movement, and the end frame. A pan or tilt composed of all three elements will be able to be edited into your scene more easily than if you had just movement alone.

The Start Frame

Almost every pan or tilt should begin on a static frame, especially when you are just starting out as a camera operator. Your start frame is a well-composed still shot that could stand alone as a good static image. It is from this start frame that the subject that motivates the pan or tilt begins its action. Keep the camera still, let the ...

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